The 4 Common Causes of Kidney Stones

Here’s the truth: no one really knows the definite reason why kidney stones form. That’s why it doesn’t have a “one size fits all” approach when it comes to treatment and diagnosis of kidney stones. However, these 4 are considered to be the most typical culprits:

Genetics and Heredity

Although nutrition and lifestyle are often considered the main reasons for developing kidney stones, over 35% of sufferers acquire them because of heredity or genetic disorders. In other words, their family members have been diagnosed or are prone to developing kidney stones as well.

If you have the genetic disposition to these stones (also known as renal lithiasis), you may experience them early on in life, such as during your childhood or teenage years. The chances of recurrence are also very high and that you can still get them even if you watch your diet or maintain an active lifestyle.


Nutrition plays a very large role in the formation of kidney stones. These stones are made up of uric acid, oxalates, and calcium, which can be derived from the food that you eat. For example, if you’re a heavy protein eater, you’ll find your uric acid to be elevated. Unless this is controlled, you are only contributing to kidney stone formation.

The kinds of food that you eat have a huge influence on kidney stones development, and more often than not, medical doctors will tell you to maintain a kidney stone diet, which is low in sodium and protein.

However, one of the major reasons for the development of kidney stones is lack of fluid intake. Fluids, especially water, can help dissolve these excess acid salts and minerals out of the body before they even begin to crystallize.


There’s a good reason why you’re strongly advised not to abuse your medications and take them on prescribed times and limits only: overdosing can cause very serious body reactions, including formation of kidney stones.

Why does it happen? Conventional drugs are made up of different substances as well, and sometimes they can remain in the body for a period of time allowing them to form crystals. These normally include antacids, antibiotics, and drugs for certain illnesses like HIV.

You may also develop kidney stones through your supplements. While a person may have to take supplements to meet the dietary recommendations particularly on calcium and vitamin D, it’s still best to also exercise limit and caution. Work with your doctor to determine how much of these vitamins and minerals your body really needs.


It’s interesting how many people tend to recognize obesity as a problem but misunderstand its connection to the overall impact to the health and well-being. Obesity is no longer a mere physical issue; it’s already treated as a disorder and a pandemic affecting millions of people around the world.

Obesity is now viewed as one of the primary causes for some of the deadliest diseases in the globe such as CVDs (cardiovascular diseases) and cancer. It also is linked to kidney stone formation, particularly with women. To determine whether you’re overweight, you can take a simple BMI test.

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